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Osteoarthritis 101: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatments

Welcome to today’s video, where the spotlight is on Osteoarthritis, a condition that affects millions worldwide. If you’ve ever wondered what causes those aching joints or how to manage the pain, stick around. Don’t forget to like and subscribe to the Health Life Guru YouTube for more videos like this!

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, often described as “wear and tear” arthritis. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time. This can lead to pain, swelling, and reduced joint flexibility.

The Causes

Several factors contribute to the onset of osteoarthritis. Age is a significant factor; the older you get, the more wear and tear on your joints. Obesity also plays a role, as carrying extra weight puts additional stress on weight-bearing joints like knees and hips. Genetics and previous injuries can also make you more susceptible.

Recognizing the Symptoms

The symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include:

  • Joint pain during or after movement
  • Stiffness after periods of inactivity
  • Swelling in the affected joint
  • Reduced range of motion


If you’re experiencing these symptoms, a healthcare provider will typically perform a physical exam and may recommend imaging tests like X-rays or MRI scans. Blood tests can also help rule out other types of arthritis.

Treatment Options

There’s no cure for osteoarthritis, but various treatments can help manage symptoms. Medications like over-the-counter pain relievers and prescription drugs are commonly used. Physical therapy exercises can improve joint function. In severe cases, surgical options like joint replacement may be considered.

Lifestyle Changes

Simple lifestyle changes can make a big difference. Weight loss reduces stress on joints, and low-impact exercises like swimming can improve joint health. Even small adjustments, like using a cane or wearing supportive shoes, can help.

Osteoarthritis is a prevalent condition, but understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment options can help manage the pain and maintain a good quality of life. Knowledge is power, so arm yourself with the right information to take control of your health.